Zion Silvan Shalom (born 4 August 1958) is an Israeli politician who currently serves as a member of the Knesset for Likud and as Vice Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior. He previously held several other ministerial posts.
Shalom was born in Gabès, Tunisia on 4 August 1958 to a family that traced its roots to the Sephardic Beit Shalom dynasty. His family moved to Israel in 1959, settling in the city of Beersheba in the Negev. On 3 November 1964, while Shalom was six years old, his father, Shimon Shalom, a bank manager and a member of the Betar movement, was killed during the course of a bungled bank robbery. The murder was notoriously known as the first committed in a bank robbery in the history of the young state of Israel. At the age of 18, Shalom was inducted into the Israel Defense Forces and achieved the rank of Sergeant.
After completing his service in the IDF, Shalom attended Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba, from which he received a BA in economics and earned his certification as a CPA. During that time, Shalom was elected as the chairman of the university's students' union and later as the vice chairman of the national students union. He later attended Tel Aviv University, from which he received an LLB law degree as well as an MA in public policy. Shalom began his career as a journalist. While working on his first degree, he wrote for Yedioth Aharonoth, a daily newspaper, in its students section. Afterwards he started working at the "Rosh Berosh" magazine and in the Negev's local newspaper. In 1980, he moved to Tel Aviv and started working at the now-defunct daily Hadashot. In 1984, he was appointed as its head political and economic correspondent...
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