Ho Chí Minh (19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), also known as Nguyen Tat Thanh and Nguyen Ai Quoc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister (1945–55) and president (1945–69) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Việt Cộng (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War.
He led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of Dien Bien Phu. He officially stepped down from power in 1965 due to health problems, but remained a highly visible figurehead and inspiration for those Vietnamese fighting for his cause—a united, communist Vietnam—until his death. After the war, Saigon, the former capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. Notwithstanding, the name Saigon is still sometimes used, especially in Vietnam war chronicles. The IATA code for Tan Sơn Nhat Airport, Vietnam's largest, located in Ho Chi Minh City, has remained 'SGN'.
His writings, encapsulated in the book 'Down with Colonialism!', are a vivid account of the hardships suffered by those who struggled under the yoke of the imperial subjugation...
Quotes by Ho Chi Minh
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