Charles Pierre Peguy (January 7, 1873 – September 4, 1914) was a noted French poet, essayist, and editor born in Orléans. His two main philosophies were socialism and nationalism, but by 1908 at the latest, after years of uneasy agnosticism, he had become a believing but non-practicing Roman Catholic. From that time, Catholicism strongly influenced his works.
Peguy was born to poverty. His mother Cécile, widowed when he was an infant, mended chairs for a living. His father, Desire Peguy, was a cabinet maker, who died in 1874 as a result of combat wounds. He studied at the Lycee Lakanal in Sceaux, winning a scholarship at the Ecole Normale Supérieure, where he attended notably the lectures of Henri Bergson and Romain Rolland, whom he befriended. He formally left the École Normale Supérieure, without graduating, in 1897, even though he continued attending some lectures in 1898. Influenced by Lucien Herr (librarian of the Ecole Normale Superieure), he became an ardent Dreyfusard.
In 1897, at age 24, Peguy married Charlotte-Françoise Baudoin; they had one daughter and three sons, one of whom was born after Péguy's death. Around 1910 he fell deeply in love with Blanche Raphael, a young Jewish friend, however he was faithful to his wife...
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