Alice Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977) was an American suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist, and the main leader and strategist of the 1910s campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote. Along with Lucy Burns and others, Paul strategized the events, such as the Silent Sentinels, which led the successful campaign that resulted in its passage in 1920.
After 1920 Paul spent a half century as leader of the National Woman's Party, which fought for her Equal Rights Amendment to secure constitutional equality for women. She won a large degree of success with the inclusion of women as a group protected against discrimination by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. She insisted that her National Woman's Party focus on the legal status of all women and resisted calls to address issues like birth control and the suppression of African American women's votes.
Alice Stokes Paul was born on January 11, 1885 at Paulsdale in Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey. She was the eldest of four children of William Mickle Paul and Tacie Paul (née Parry). She was a descendant of William Penn, the Quaker founder of Pennsylvania. She grew up in the Quaker tradition of public service, in a family that included a foreign aid worker to Russia and a founder of a Christian Science church, and the Quaker view of recognizing women as separate people from men. Her mother was even a member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association; Paul would sometimes join her mother in attending suffragist meetings. The Quaker tradition is where Paul first learned about the suffrage movement...
Quotes by Alice Paul
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