‘Abd ar-Raḥmān ibn Ṣakhr ad-Dawsī al-Azdī (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن صخر الدوسي الأزدي; 603–681), born ‘Abd ash-Shams (Arabic: عبد الشمس), but better known by the kunyah Abu Hureyrah (Arabic: أبو هريرة, Abū Hureyrah, "Father of the Kitten"), was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the most prolific narrator of hadith in Sunni hadith compilations. Abu Hureyrah spent 2 years in the company of Muhammad and went on expeditions and journeys with him. It is estimated that he narrated around 5,374 ahadiths. This has driven people to criticize him due to most of his hadiths being Aahad (the sermon was only witnessed by one person, or one region).
Abu Hureyrah was born in Baha, Yemen into the Banu Daws tribe from the region of Tihamah on the coast of the Red Sea. His father had died, leaving him with only his mother and no other relatives. His name at birth was Abd al-Shams ("Servant of the Sun"). However, as a child, he had a cat and became known as "Abu Hureyrah" (which literally means "Father of the Kitten" or more idiomatically "Of the kitten")...
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